How to choose a hoist between electric wire rope hoist and electric chain hoist? Check featues of Electric wire rope hoist v.s. Electric chain hoist to find the suitable electric hoist for your application.
Wire rope hoists rope hoists and electric chain hoists are familiar but very different types of lifting equipment. When select between wire rope hoists or electric chain hoist, it is better to compare them in different ways.
Electric wire rope hoists and electric chain hoists perform a similar function, but work in different ways and are designed for different types of load or materials. When you need a new electric hoist, it is important to select the right type of electric hoist for your application.
Wrong type of electric hoists may cost badly
Selecting the wrong type of electric hoist will cost you unnecessary expenses in the long run. Wire rope hoists rope hoist , used improperly features a high price tag when the electric chain hoists can complete the material handling work since the electric chain hoists tends to be less expensive than a rope hoist of a similar quality.
Contrary, if the electric chain hoist hoists are used to complete the work of rope hoists, then the wire rope hoisting system will struggle to perform, and will require more repairs, more then usual. . So let’s see the features of rope hoists and electric chain hoists.
General comparison of electric chain hoist and electric wire rope hoists rope host are as following：
Electric chain hoists
Lifting of the electric chain hoists are by moving the electric chain hoist over a sprocket;
Electric chain hoists are widely used for applications of up to 5 t
Electric chain hoists are usually less expensive than the wire rope hoists rope one with similar requirements.
True vertical lift (with no lateral movement) is provided by electric chain hoists at no extra cost
Wire rope hoists rope hoists
A rope hoist, wound on a drum, lifts and lowers by winding/unwinding the wire rope hoists rope along the length of the drum. This means during lifting the laterally move will happen more or less.
Wire rope hoists rope hoist are commonly used for capacities above 5t.
Faster lifting speeds is available for the rope hoists.
Features of Wire rope hoists
Electric wire rope hoists are most often seen in permanent, more stationary equipment.
Unlike electric chain hoist (which is usually a more simple application), there are several different types of Electric wire rope hoists that use various drum and motor combinations. For example, grooved drums are used to increase the lifting accuracy. whereas, the multiple drums are used to compound strength.
Wire rope hoists rope hoists is usually rated for heavier loads, between 2 and 30 tons, on average. Logically, this means that the higher your necessary capacity and the more your average load weighs, the more likely you’ll want to use wire rope hoists rope.
Wire rope hoists applications are also more suited for long work hours, when many different loads need to be handled within a short amount of time. They are also handy in intense environments where you need to take extreme heat or harsh weather conditions into account.
Electric wire rope hoists have some drawbacks. As previously mentioned, they are more expensive than electric chain hoist under most circumstances. They also tend to be larger and more complicated.
If you don’t have much room to work with, a wire rope hoists system may not be practical or even possible for that particular job. Most wire rope hoists systems are used in factories, such as steel service, foundry, and raw material production facilities.
Features of electric chain hoists
In general, electric chain hoist are less permanent and easier to move around than wire rope hoists. This makes them more flexible when you have enough room or the necessary to switch positions when depositing loads.
Like wire rope hoists, electric chain hoist capacity can vary, but usually within a smaller range than wire rope hoists. Electric chain hoist is ideal for lesser loads, where weight is not so much of a concern — typically within the 1/8-of-a-ton to five-ton range.
You will find them in smaller factories, in maintenance work, and at workstations where lifting needs to be done.
This should already give you a few ideas about how electric chain hoist can be used. Electric chain hoist come with a few other advantages, such as ease of use and applications for jib, gantry, and hand-push cranes.
Such cranes tend to involve manual movement load hooks, which wire rope hoists rope can slip out of more easily; whereas electric chain hoist provides a greater level of dependability.
Comparasion of electric wire rope hoist vs. chain hoist
Electric chain hoist: the winding device is chain and the chain lifting is driven by the rotation of the chain wheel. The axial size of the chain wheel is 1.6 times as wide as that of the chain.
Electric wire rope hoist: the winding device is steel wire rope, and the wire rope lifting is driven by the rotation of the drum. Drum length is the main factor to determine the volume. If the lifting height increases, the drum will be lengthened. The volume of wire rope hoist is greater than the same size chain hoist several times or even ten times.
- Lifting height
Electric chain hoist: it’s the hinged connection between link, and the chain bearing is mainly tensile stress. In order to reduce compressive strength of the contact surface between the link and between link and sprocket nest, chain wheel is made 5 or 6 nests.
Electric wire rope hoist: Wire rope twine on the drum and produces elastic deformation, the side near the drum by the pressure, and the corresponding surface by the tension, drum diameter smaller, larger amount of deformation of the steel wire rope, wire rope corresponding surface pressure, pull the large. In order to make the force does not exceed to allowable stress of the steel wire rope, diameter of drum to larger, in order to limit deformation of the wire rope. Therefore, design specification requires that electric hoist drum diameter can’t be less than 20 times of the diameter of the steel wire rope
- Traveling length
Electric wire rope hoist: The center line of axis and wire rope hoist trolley running track parallel to the center line.
Electric chain hoist: The center line of axis and chain hoist running track can be installed and used at 90 degrees. So in the same condition, under the same track length, the traveling length of chain hoist is longer than wire rope hoist. Even chain hoist axis and the center line of the running track also parallel installation and use, due to the smaller axial, the running distance is much larger. When lifting height is larger, its drum is longer, so the operation distance impact will be even greater.
Electric wire rope hoist: When lifting, the wire rope on the drum along the axial line winding. Therefore, the hook will along the axis direction of the electric hoist produced horizontal displacement. Lifting height is greater, wire rope on the drum winding more loops, hook horizontal displacement more.
Electric chain hoist: No matter the size of the lifting height, the hook will up and down along the plumb line of chain, the hook can be accurately located.
- Twining device
Electric wire rope hoist: Wire rope has certain rigidity. When the no-load of wire rope hoist, wire rope easily slips out of the drum and sheave groove. Especially small weight, the hook has the advantages of light weight, more prone to slip out of groove, cause disorder cable fault. And when the load of wire rope hoist, the weight falls to the support, steel wire rope load tense disappears, the phenomenon also occurs.
Electric chain hoist: The chain is hinged, and the chain has no rigidity. So, chain hoist does not exist the above drawbacks of wire rope hoist.
- Service life
Electric wire rope hoist: The wire section is very fine. In humidity larger or acid mist, alkali mist and high temperature environment, it’s easy to break the wire, broken strands, greatly reducing the service life of the rope.
Electric chain hoist: The chain section is much larger than the cross-section of the steel wire, even in the harsh environment its life will not be affected too much.
From the above analysis, we can see that under the same conditions, the chain hoist has the advantages of lifting height, running distance, positioning and other aspects. Meanwhile, the service life is long, the potential risk is small, and it is more suitable for extreme weather. Select the right electric hoist for your application not only will save your cost but also will improve the hoist operation safety and your material handling efficiency. Contact us to get the right electric hoist now.
What to use when balanced situations occur
When the capacity and price of the wire rope hoist and electric chain hoists come into similarity, how to select?
Ask yourself the following questions to find the answers:
1) What do you have now, electric chain hoist or wire rope hoist?
2) Does your worker need training for the new type of electric hoist?
3) Is it acceptable to pay for the costs and lower productivity that comes with inexperience?
4) Will the hoist meet your needs in the future with larger and heavier loads?
In order to give you suitable electric hoist solution and specific electric hoist price promptly, please help our electric hoist engineer to confirm the following information as much as possible:
Types of hoist: ?
Height of Lift
Power supply: (3phase? Voltage? Hz?)
Operation: Through Pendant/Radio Remote
Application (What are you planning to lift)
Environment (Normal/ hazardous)
Industry type: ( Eg: Auto, steel, sugar stone, etc.)
Rail Existing/New (Size in case of Existing)
Number of hoist:
Existing Structure/New Structure:
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